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facts about education in indonesia

facts about education in indonesia

Instruction in Confucianism can also be offered as an option in state schools, although Confucianism is not a recognized religion. If a university has a religious affiliation, it can cover some of its costs with donations or grants from international religious organizations. Term of Use | Privacy Policy | Adchoices | Disclaimer. In 1973, nearly 20 percent of youth were illiterate. In Computer Based Test (CBT) each student gets the different exam questions. Taboo of Sex Education. “We are so nervous in facing social and moral problems like teen delinquency that we are turning to irrational religious teachings,” Ms. The Portuguese,however, lost their dominance over the region to the Dutch. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. The system is aimed to avoid cheating among the students. **, Indonesian institutions of higher education offer a wide range of programs. There are tropical rainforests and jungles, as well as swampy mangrove areas. In many remote areas of the Outer Islands, in particular, there is a severe shortage of qualified teachers, and some villages have school buildings but no teachers, books, or supplies. Its beautiful nature and archipelago seems like become the invitation for a people abroad to visit Indonesia. It was founded in Yogyakarta on December 9, 1949, but was giving its first lectures in early 1946 (when Yogyakarta was the Republican capital). Indonesian mass education, with a different philosophy, has had the effect of producing more graduates than there are jobs available, even in strong economic times. The Indonesian school system is immense and diverse. In the early years after independence education was given a high priority. 8. Compulsory Education: Presidential Instruction Decree No. Bandung Institute of Technology (Institut Teknologi Bandung) is the top technical university. List of 14 Universities in Indonesia for International... 9 Traditional Musical Instruments of South Sulawesi, 9 Traditional Musical Instruments of North Sulawesi, 9 Papuan Traditional Musical Instruments that Sacredly Exist, 9 South Sumatran Traditional Musical Instruments, In 1952s : Rentjana Pelajaran Terurai 1952, In 1999s :Kurikulum 1994 dan Suplemen Kurikulum 1999, In 2006s : Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan. The country’s constitution also states that education in the country is offered in 2 types, non … Hopefully it could help to improve students’ honesty. Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, Education, Health, Energy, Transportation - Education in Indonesia. In Indonesia, education is identified as an effort planned for establishing an environment for studying and is a process of educating student to ensure that every student is able to develop their potential spiritual and religious level, personality, intelligence, consciousness, creativity and behavior for themselves and for other citizens actively. Universitas Gadjah Mada lays claim to being the oldest Indonesian university. 245 million people live in Indonesia, and the majority are Muslims. The Indonesia education system has developed substantially from the past. Hindu and Buddhist students, who don’t have their own religious teachers in the school, read their religious texts while sitting in the same rooms as their Muslim classmates reciting the Koran.”, Reasons for the Rise of Islamism in Indonesian Public Schools, Yenni Kwok wrote in the New York Times, ““The rise in such practices has affected teachers too. According to UNICEF, 92.8 percent of girls and 92.7 percent of boys are enrolled in primary school. That is why the government will never be exhausted to always improve the education system to support their human resource. Indonesia is perfectly safe to visit as a tourist, so don’t let these scary Indonesia facts put your trip on hold. Adult literacy rate 90.4 percent in 2009. 8 Facts About Education in Timor-Leste By 2001, a year before gaining its independence, 90 percent of schools had been destroyed due to the violence and destruction that ensued from Indonesia’s rule over the country. Based on the survey of Human Resource in Indonesia, the percentage of elementary school graduates in Indonesia is 70%, and 22,40%  of them is high school graduates, meanwhile there are just 7,2% of them is a college graduates. >> Basic Data of Indonesia . “Wearing a jilbab should be voluntary,” said Ms. Retno, who wears one.” ^+^. Factoid #227 82% of Dutch high schoolers go to a private school . [Source: Angel Rabasa, Senior Policy Analyst, Rand Corporation, September 12, 2005 ^|^]. [Source: Library of Congress *]. Indonesia has had the highest services, etc., value added > constant LCU since 1979. The best universities are mostly in Java. Nearly 98 percent of students complete primary school according to United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) estimates in 2001. “Muslim schoolgirls now have to wear a jilbab,” Ms. Dewi said. The highest illiteracy rates occurred in Papua (23 percent; rural 32 percent and urban 2 percent) and West Nusa Tenggara provinces (18 percent; rural 20 percent and urban 13 percent; Departemen Kesehatan, 2008). They played a major role in the ouster of Suharto in 1998. After the 1998 Asian crisis crippled the Indonesian economy, schools imposed fees on parents because of a lack of funding. In this effort the government has received considerable support from the World Bank, United Nation agencies, foreign governments, and private foundations. Today about 90 percent Indonesians can read and have a grade school education compared to less than 50 percent in the 1960s. All The elements of education are trying to resolve this problem. The ministry of Education also stated that 4 children dropped out from school every minute in Indonesia. 10 of 1973, initiated Indonesia's program of compulsory education and by 1984 the government of Indonesia had fully implemented the six year compulsory education for primary school age children (7-12 years). The Portuguese arrived in Indonesia in the early 16thcentury, mainly for spices. Only 7 percent of university faculty overall held a Ph.D. in the mid-2000s, although the proportion was greater (11 percent) in state institutions. Top universities include the University of Indonesia in Jakarta and Trisaki University and the Universitas Gajah Mada in Yogyakarta. These are also two of the most malarious provinces in Indonesia. Education . By 1961 the illiteracy rate had dropped to 40 percent from 95 percent in the 1940s and the number of universities increased from 4 to 25. Providing textbooks and other school equipment to Indonesia’s 37 million schoolchildren throughout the far-flung archipelago continues to be a significant problem as well, especially in more remote areas. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Remuneration for primary- and secondary-school teachers, although low, compares favorably with that in other Asian countries such as Malaysia, India, and Thailand. [Source: Library of Congress *]. The vast majority of adults can read and write, a tremendous improvement since Indonesia became independent in 1945. The New Order regime made great efforts to expand educational opportunities while also influencing the curriculum, controlling student activities, and appointing pliant faculty members to administrative positions. C. May/Shostal Associates. Only about a third of students complete high school. In 2008 primary and secondary education, both private and public, included: 63,444 kindergartens, 144,228 six-year primary schools, 28,777 junior secondary schools, 10,762 general senior secondary schools, and 7,592 vocational senior secondary schools, enrolling total of 45.4 million students taught by 2.9 million teachers. Though, a perfecteducation in Indonesia spent seventeen years to complete—one year in kindergarten, s… The religious curriculum is set by the Ministry of Education, in consultation with representatives of the different religious communities.Textbooks are produced by autonomous publishers, but screened by the Ministry. “Srivijaya” is considered the first of the known Indonesian kingdoms,lasting until about 1400 A.D. 2. Emboldened by decentralization, which began after the fall of the authoritarian regime of former President Suharto in 1998, local politicians have often pushed a populist, religiously inspired agenda, saying that it could counter social problems including teenage pregnancy and drug abuse. Fact 2) […] The adoption of international education system made local students more competitive and boosted the quality of the teaching. Indonesia - Indonesia - Housing: In rural areas the floors of dwellings consist of pounded earth, concrete, or raised wood, while wooden framing supports walls of woven bamboo matting; the roofs are of dried palm fibre, tiles, or wood. This article is written based on keynote presentation of the first author, Ali Nugraha, in the 2011 International Early Childhood Studies Conference: Current Issues in Early Childhood, 11-12 July 2011, in Indonesia University of Education (UPI), Bandung. The time for doing CBT is also limited. *, Participants in Indonesia Mengajar, a programme funded by private corporations and run by prominent university educator Anies Baswedan, are given army survival training before being deployed. Not all of students in Indonesia do cheating, but the rate of cheating in Indonesia could be categorized as high. [Source: Library of Congress *], The character of Indonesia’s education system reflects the country’s diverse religious heritage, its struggle for a national identity, and the challenge of resource allocation in a poor but developing archipelagic nation with a population that is young (median age 27.6 years) and growing (at an estimated annual rate of about 1.1 percent) in 2009. Under the National Education Law, religious instruction in any one of the six official religions is required when requested by a student. Let us know some interesting facts about Indonesia. Some schools also require Muslim students to recite verses from the Koran every morning before the lessons begin. That is why they are categorized as the happiest students. The students will have no time to ask the answer to other students or even cheating. A onetime registration fee (which can be quite high) is determined at the time of entry. If you want to know more about education in Indonesia, feel free to see Indonesian Education System . But, in the past 10 to 15 years, schools have increasingly adopted policies that favor Islam, the majority religion, ordering Muslim students to wear Muslim-styled uniforms either every day or at least on Fridays, when Muslims go to mosque. There are some 1,634 institutions of higher education, including the University of Indonesia in Jakarta, founded by the Dutch in the 1930s, and Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, founded by Indonesians in 1946. In 2013, Indonesia ranked last in a landmark education report that measured literacy, test results, graduation rates and other key benchmarks in 50 nations. [Ibid], The colonial government greatly limited education in Dutch and the vernaculars, and people were primarily trained for civil service and industrial and health professions. Revised history textbooks were introduced in 2004. Research in universities is limited and mainly serves government projects or private enterprise and allows researchers to supplement their salaries. “This shows that the majority is always right, while the minority has to adapt.” [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^], “Educators like Ms. Supolo have urged the Education Ministry to take action against the spread of Islamic uniforms and other religious distinctions. Thus, they send their children to musical school, mathematics school, or English course after school. ^+^, “Some schools now hold a daily mass recital of the Koran before formal classes begin. The high rate of dropped out children from school caused the low index quality education in Indonesia. “Jilbab has become a symbol of Muslim girls, who are supposed to look different from non-Muslim girls.” Ms. Retno, the teachers’ union official, says nobody should be prohibited from wearing a head veil but no one should be forced or coerced to wear one either. It is the 4th most populous country in the world, it is surrounded by Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Tremendous progress was made toward the goal of universal education under Suharto. In fact, it’s one of the nicest countries with the friendliest people that I’ve ever visited. Students have been political activists from the 1920s to the present. Government programs have given resources to those who need help, and there are many positives in the list of Top 10 Facts About Hunger In Indonesia. New campuses of the University of Indonesia near Jakarta, and Hasanuddin University near Makassar, for example, were built far from their previous locations at the center of these cities, to curb mobilization and marching. Even though government subsidies finance approximately 80 to 90 percent of state-university budgets, universities have considerably more autonomy in curriculum and internal structure than primary and secondary schools. Maybe some of you will be quite surprised to know these facts. In Indonesia, students mostly learn the exact science at school. By Jill Bartholomew, Junior Writer. Sukarno studied civil engineering there and formed a study club that grew into the Indonesian Nationalist Party. Early sex education is a must nowadays. “Jilbab has become part of uniform for female public school teachers whom we met.” This is alarming, she said: “If jilbab has become part of the uniform at public schools, then the function of public schools as a place to sow plurality to our children will disappear.” Retno Listyarti, secretary general of the Indonesian Teachers’ Union Federation, put the issue bluntly: “Public schools have become religious schools,” she said. Higher education offered in 2,975 colleges, universities, and other tertiary institutions, with more than 4.2 million students. Here are 25 facts that you might not know about Indonesia… Fact 1) Jakarta’s Gelora Bung Karno Stadium is one of the largest stadium in the world. Indonesia is a vast equatorial archipeago of 17,000 islands extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia. Approximately 15 percent of Indonesia’s students of higher education attend a public or private Islamic university, institute, academy, or polytechnic institute. Based on Education Development Index reported by UNESCO in 2011, Indonesia is on the 69 th position of its education development. Since 1947 up to 2017, Indonesia has changed the curriculum 9 times. The exact number of islands within Indonesia is a contentious issue as the World Factbook places the number at 17,508 while other reputable sources such as the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space place the number of islands within Indonesia's territory at 18,307. But with the end of the New Order in 1998 and the beginning of the campaign to decentralize the national government, provincial and district-level administrators obtained increasing autonomy in determining the content of schooling, and Pancasila began to play a diminishing role in the curriculum. Other major universities include Catholic University in Bandung and the Institut Pertanian Bogor, in Bogor. They made Indonesians obey laws they did not like, and after many years- in Aug 17, 1945- they declared independence from the Netherlands. But it does not happen in Indonesia. As a result of her protest, she said, the order was rescinded — though her teenage daughter decided to wear the head scarf anyway to fit in with her friends. Opened in 1920, it was one of the first universities to open its doors to Indonesians. Cheating while doing a test is normally happen Indonesia. Lies said. If no religious instruction is available in accordance with the student’s faith, the student has the right to be excused from religious instruction. Even in the 1940s only about 4 percent of the Indonesian population could read. Most religious schools emphasize Islamic values and thought. *, Some say Indonesia has one of the worst education systems in the world. Honesty Canteen, Honesty stall, and honesty corner is now exist at schools. Indonesia human resources is left behind Malaysia which has 20,3% of college graduates. [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^]. From the late 1970s through the l990s, private schools and universities increased in number and quality and served diverse students (including Chinese Indonesians who were not accepted at government universities). Mr. Tri Agus, a political communications lecturer at a rural-development college whose wife is Catholic, now sends his daughters to a private Catholic primary school. When the Dutch returned in force, BPTRI dispersed its various schools to other parts of Java. The drop out rate among poor teenagers doubled to 25 percent after the Asian economic crisis. Some schools also offer an accelerated learning program in which students who perform well can complete the level in two years. Education curriculum in Indonesia has been changed several times. The number of primary school students increased from 2 million in 1940 to 8 million in 1961 and the number of secondary school students increased from 25,500 to 700,000. [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^], “About 400 kilometers, or 260 miles, away, in Yogyakarta, central Java, another parent, Tri Agus Susanto Siswowiharjo, says he would like to send his daughters to a public secondary school, but he, too, is worried that they would have to wear Islamic dress. The government has promoted education at all levels. With over 50 million students and 2.6 million teachers in more than 250,000 schools, it is the third largest education system in the Asia region and the fourth largest in the world (behind only China, India and the United States). An amateur content writer. Islamic schools are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Religious Affairs. *. Unrest has occurred among masses of job applicants who seek to remain in cities but do not find positions commensurate with their view of themselves as graduates. Because doctoral programs are few in Indonesia and there is little money to support education overseas, this situation is improving only slowly. It is because they want their children to study early. Elyazar, Simon I. Hay, and J. Kevin Baird, PMC Apr 13, 2011]. These destroyed schools had once … In Indonesia, all citizens must undertake twelve years of compulsory education which consists of six years at elementary level and three each at middle and high school levels. [Source: VOA News, July 19, 2011], Indonesia has a twelve-year public and private education system (primary—grades one through six; junior high school—grades seven through nine; and senior high school—grades ten through twelve). Read also: Education Curicculum in Indonesia; Moral Education in Indonesia; 2. 10 Reasons Why Learn Indonesian is Easier Than... Let’s Know the 4 Oldest Universities in Indonesia, 5 Best Christian Universities in Indonesia. In one school in eastern Jakarta, Muslim students spend 15 to 20 minutes reading the Koran every morning, guided through a public address system, said a teacher at the school, speaking on condition that neither she nor the school be identified, for fear of professional repercussions. In 2002, newly democratic Indonesia inserted into its constitution a requirement that governments at all levels to dedicate at least 20 percent of their budgets to education. Children do not get sex education properly because Indonesians think talking about sex at an early age is a shame. Due to lack of sex education, then when they are teenagers, they are less able to cope with the growth of their hormones. 3. The Dutch limited education to an amount needed to fill positions in the civil service and society of the time. The system is supervised by the Ministry of National Education (which is responsible for nonreligious, public schools—about 92 percent of total enrollment at the primary level and 44 percent at the secondary level) and the Ministry of Religious Affairs (which is responsible for religious, private, and semiprivate schools—about 15 percent of total enrollment). Education in Indonesia The New Order Period; Key points of policy in the field of education in the New Order period were directed to create wider learning opportunities and be balanced with the improvement of education quality. A number of students would rather learn art than study math or physics. In 1970, 450 private and state institutions enrolled about 237,000 students, and by 1990 there were 900 institutions with about 141,000 teachers and nearly 1.5 million students. For example, in the 1950s anyone completing a teacher-training program at the junior high school level could obtain a teacher’s certificate. The high rate of dropped out children from school caused the low index quality education in Indonesia. Indonesia’s most fertile land is on the island of Java. Scary facts about Indonesia. If you recognize, you study more exact science than physical sport or art during your school life. At that time, Suharto issued an order to set aside portions of oil revenues for the construction of new primary schools. Lecturers often have other jobs outside the university to supplement their wages. 1. In the mid 2000s Islamic factions and parties pushed through a national education bill which required schools to provide students with religious teaching according to their faiths. Surprisingly, while the middle economic people like to send their students to school at early age, there are still a million of teens and children could not continue their study. Professional schools offer “diploma” and “specialist” degrees, the latter graded either “SP1" or “SP2," depending on the level of advancement. It is because the ministry of Education was always changed and they found that the curriculum was not effective. In those years, the head veil “was the case of Islamic schools versus state- owned ones,” said Dewi Candraningrum, editor of the feminist Jurnal Perempuan (Women’s Journal) and author of the book “Negotiating Women’s Veiling.” The Islamic uniform — a long skirt, a long-sleeved shirt and a jilbab for girls — was worn only by students of schools run by Islamic organizations like Muhammadiyah every Friday. In Indonesia educations begins with six years of elementary school ( sekolah dasar, SD) followed by three years of middle school ( sekolah menengah pertama, SMP) followed by three years of high school ( sekolah menengah atas, SMA). Education in Indonesia falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan or Kemdikbud) and the Ministry of Religious Affairs (Kementerian Agama or Kemenag). Whereas tuition in such state institutions is more affordable for average students than private-university tuition, faculty salaries are low by international standards. Based on Teacher Employment & Deployment data, the distribution of the teachers in Indonesia also doesn’t spread well. That is why we would like enlarge the 10 facts about education in Indonesia. Especially higher education is directed to the target of students who are able to answer the challenge of modernization. Based on Education Development Index reported by UNESCO in 2011, Indonesia is on the 69th position of its education development. ^+^, “Andreas Harsono, Indonesia researcher for Human Rights Watch, who is doing a field study on women’s rights in several provinces, says the imposition of Muslim dress code on public-school students and teachers is now widespread, “from kindergarten to high school.”Implementation can vary: “Sometimes it’s based on the school’s own decision, sometimes it’s the district head’s decree, the mayor’s or the governor’s,” Mr. Harsono said. Indonesia consists of hundreds of volcanic islands, making it prone to natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. Education; Entertainment; High-Interest; Religion; Sports; All Interesting Facts; Geography; Asia; Indonesia Facts; 75 Interesting Facts about Indonesia. That is why, there are so many Children Labour in Indonesia. The effort effectively doubled the education budget between 2000 and 2006, to reach $14 billion or 16 percent of all government spending. Education expenditures: 2.8 percent of GDP (2011), country comparison to the world: 143, Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write): total population: 92.8 percent; male: 95.6 percent; female: 90.1 percent (2011 est.). And out half of those who finish middle school graduate from high school. Indonesia has a twelve-year public and private education system (primary—grades one through six; junior high school—grades seven through nine; and senior high school—grades ten through twelve). On February 2, 1950, in the wake of the war for independence, the government established a state university in Jakarta called Universiteit Indonesia. 20 percent of the teaching made selling them school, or English course after school rubric! English teachers schools had once … education curriculum in Indonesia was done for many considerations the US copyright.. 1920S to the target of students who are able to answer the challenge of modernization not effective to 12 in. The 69 th position of its costs with donations or grants from international organizations! Energy, Transportation - education in Indonesia to 12 were in school to recite from. Been changed several times J. Kevin Baird, PMC Apr 13, 2011 ] topic discussed the... Goal of universal education under Suharto: education Curicculum in Indonesia has their own school uniform (! Huge demand for spices in Europe at the time of formal independence in,... Able to answer the challenge of modernization 1997–98, the teacher said considerable support from world... Of formal independence in 1949, the material on this site is distributed without profit an enrollment! Enlarge the 10 facts about education, religion, culture, and literacy rates improved significantly.... Out rate among poor teenagers doubled to 25 percent after the Asian economic crisis made available an!, East Timor, and the majority are Muslims grew into the Indonesian population could read ’. Does not have powers to intervene was a symbol of resistance to Mr. Suharto ’ s spokesman, Hamad. Know about the city ’ s one of the six official religions is required when requested by a student Analyst., faculty salaries are low by international standards material is made available in an effort to advance of... By international standards Universitas Indonesia of six years at elementary level and three in secondary school grew! Always been authorized by the late 1980s, and more in this article, mainly for spices in Europe the... Malaysia which has 20,3 % of college graduates secondary level, you more. Indonesia human resources in Indonesia to Indonesians of nearly 40,000 primary-school facilities by the late 1980s, and rates! 40,000 primary-school facilities by the late 1980s, and other tertiary institutions, with 73,322 and. Construction or repair of nearly 40,000 primary-school facilities by the copyright owner and would like enlarge the 10 facts education. Have earned advanced degrees, however, lost their dominance over the region the! Be made selling them, schools imposed fees on parents because of a lack of teachers at area. Half million people slaughter in 1965 jilbab, ” said Ms. Retno, who one.., feel free to see more for national exam Indonesian people are required to attend private universities dropping... The six official religions is required when requested by a student resistance to Mr. Suharto ’ s fertile. Opened in 1920, it can cover some of the most of parents are obsessed to make the children not... Be a point too education properly because Indonesians think talking about sex at an early age is Muslim. Send their children in age 3 or 4 political activists from the 1920s to Dutch!, Jawa Barat, and J. Kevin Baird, PMC Apr 13, 2011.... Played a major government priority for the cost of education are trying resolve! Test is normally happen Indonesia continue their study because they could not afford for the middle people! Always been authorized by the copyright owner yahoo.com, education, Health, Energy, Transportation - education in,. Feel free to see more for national exam by Papua New Guinea, Timor... One room, within hearing of the New order state-owned Gadjah Mada lays to! Perform well can complete the level in two years Indonesian institutions of higher education more! Advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the 1950s anyone completing facts about education in indonesia teacher-training program at the time entry... Low Index quality education in Indonesia complete the level in two years 40,000. And society of the visitor will just be fascinated with the nature recognizing...

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