420hc steel vs s30v
A steel designation trademarked by Cold Steel, Carbon V reportedly fits between a 1095 and O1 grade and is similar to 50100-B. This is a virtually stain-proof steel suitable for all sorts of aquatic environments. This is basically a retrofit of a very old steel, adding more carbon to the recipe of 420 (hence the HC for “high carbon”). The benefit of this, of course, is that the steel holds an edge for a very, very long time. This is a powder-metal steel also produced by Crucible. Is it good and many others). CPM-S30V has become one of the most used premium steels on the market among knife manufacturers. 1095 is tougher and has lower corrosion resistance compared to the 420HC. It’s a very hard steel and is exceptionally difficult to sharpen. Knives are useful objects that can be used in different situations. 14c28n vs 8cr13mov: Things to Know Before Deciding. In fact, it’s not technically a steel at all, as it uses titanium and nickel. Handle Materials Editor’s note: This article was first published in May 2015 and was most recently updated on May 25, 2020. Yes, the 420hc has more than 12% of chromium in it, which makes it stainless steel. The closest steel to our 420hc would only be the old 420, they have the same chemical composition, and yes the 420hc is positively developed than the 420, other than this I couldn’t find any stainless steel with the same spec and properties, Guess the 420Hc is a bit unique. These eight documentaries streaming on Netflix will inspire outdoor adventure. D2 is a tool steel, tool steels are harder, hold an edge better, harder to sharpen and are more brittle. 9Cr is the top end of the series and is quite good — as good or better than AUS-8. AEB-L is rarely found on production knives but can be found on custom knives easily. There are three main classifications of … But it’s lightyears ahead of the alternatives, specifically titanium-bladed knives. European steel company Sandvik produces 14C28N, a non-powder metallurgy steel. But it doesn’t have great wear resistance and thus doesn’t hold an edge particularly well. But we’ve tested this metal in the form of the Sobata 398 for nearly a year and have been continually impressed. I decided to do this on 20 point scale, where I assign a maximum of 5 points to the 4 categories of Ease of Sharpening, Toughness, Edge Retention and Corrosion Resistance. The closer to 20 points the “better” the steel. I'm just wondering what your opinion is on who does s30v best (i.e. The high hardness makes it all but impossible to sharpen and machine. Type 8Cr, the more common formulation, is worse than AUS-8: a little more prone to corrosion and not quite as hard. 420HC is a stainless steel that provides excellent rust resistance, ease of re-sharpening and medium edge retention. Read more…. I won’t go into detail about those here. How hard is it? Read more…. There’s No Such Thing as the Best Steel. Everything you need to know to buy the right knife for the job. Support us! Also known as Z-Finit, Zapp produces this steel in America. XHP is an exceptionally well-balanced steel with excellent all-around attributes. Read more…. Get Up To 95% Off Today! S30V is a high vanadium stainless steel with even higher edge retention. This modified 420 steel has higher amounts of carbon and chromium to boost hardenability and corrosion resistance. I have found that certain tools and techniques work especially well when sharpening these steels and I will discuss these. If you search 420Hc steel, there is a high chance you’ll end up with a Buck knife, they mainly use 420hc in their knives, and the most famous one is the 112 Ranger a smaller version of the 110 Buck. If you’re planning to own a low-end stainless steel, I would recommend you the 420hc, it’s very affordable, it has a good edge retention, great corrosion resistance, and it’s easy to sharpen, but it has a poor wear resistance, so you’ll require taking care of your knife much often, despite this, many buyers are happy to own a 420hc especially the buck 420hc. REX 121 is a powder steel produced by Crucible. Check out the GiantMouse Vox/Anso ACE Iona Liner Lock Knife at $99, for example. My Chris Reeve is A2, I love it. It’s soft, with very low carbon content. Steel in the range 1045-1095 are used for knife blades, although 1050 is more commonly seen in swords. The greatest living knifemaker and one of the greatest knifemakers of all time, Michael Walker, calls AEB-L one of his favorite steels. (Some crazy folks clean their Swiss Army knives in a dishwasher. Still considered a lower-mid range steel but the more competent manufacturers (e.g. This is an old high-carbon (non-stainless) steel. It’s easy to sharpen. It’s a good balance between all three attributes, being relatively hard, tough, and corrosion-resistant. heat treatment). D2 is a tool steel used in industrial settings. But to learn more about these and other attributes, read our related outdoor knife buyer’s guide. GearJunkie may earn a small commission from affiliate links in this article. We asked five pros how they made it work and what it takes to make a living in the outdoor industry "in real life.". There is one exception: Buck’s 420HC (Buck and only Buck) is produced using a proprietary heat treatment. A hunting knife has a single purpose: processing meat after a kill. 420HC doesn’t hold an edge well, but it’s relatively stain-resistant and tough. Corrosion Resistance: with 13% of chromium in it, the 420hc offers great corrosion resistance. Most steels use carbon to increase hardness, but 14C28N uses nitrogen, boosting hardness without the normal penalty of increased corrosion. Category Knives. Blade steel cost vs. knife price I thought it would be interesting to get an idea of the relative cost of S30V, S35VN and some other popular knife steels. There are a bunch of things you should know about before deciding on which blade will be better for you. Who uses it: Great Eastern Cutlery, Kershaw, Schatt & Morgan. Crucible has been a part of the knife steel industry for many decades, such as with steels like 154CM which was developed in the late 1950’s and gained popularity in knives through Bob Loveless in the early 1970s. A2 is a tool steel renowned for toughness. Wear Resistance: with the carbon and vanadium, the 420c steel offers a great wear resistance but not the best, so keep in mind to take care of it after usage. As a result, there are no production knives with REX 121 steel, though Ferrum Forge used the steel early on in its custom knives and a Kickstarter knife from the Creely Brothers. Like any steel though, not all S30V or S35V steels are equal. 1095 is high in carbon, softer, easier to sharpen, does'nt hold an edge as well, is more flexable and rust easily. CPM S30V will probably stay sharper longer than D2. Though technically not a stainless steel due to its composition, in use it performs exactly like one. It gets exceptionally sharp, a nod to its origins as a razorblade steel. When it debuted, Sal Glesser described XHP as a combination of D2’s hardness and 440C’s corrosion resistance. It has a 3″ razor sharp clip point blade with good edge retention and high corrosion resistance, it has a Lockback mechanism retain the blade open for safety and strength, it comes with a leather sheath, and the great thing about BUCK they offer a lifetime warranty on all their knives the 112 Ranger included. It doesn’t hold an edge well, but it’s so easy to sharpen that you can get it back to razor sharpness in a few minutes. It boasts an incredible ability to continue cutting long after it seems “dull.” And it’s not made of steel. While quite soft, the metal cuts even when it seems dull because, at the microscopic level, it has a roughness that performs much like a serration. They represent the absolute best performers on the market in terms of their specific attributes. Again, like the 420HC stainless steel, the 440C stainless steel possesses a high resistance to abrasion, corrosion and wear, making it ideal for knife blades. A European powder-metal steel used in higher-end knives, Elmax has an advanced formula, and the result is a very good all-around steel, a generation ahead of formulations like 154CM. Because of its abrasion-eating hardness, knives with REX 121 come at an exceptionally high price. 154CM is a custom steels with much higher carbon content, giving it a higher hardness ratings and dramatically higher edge retention. Vanadium carbides … A new steel from Crucible, SPY27 launched in 2020 in the Spyderco Native 5 and Para 3. Despite its age, it’s a truly superior steel. BD1 isn’t terribly hard but sharpens easily. CPM-S30V. But it’s very cheap, and, when ground appropriately, it can be a real winner from a value standpoint. This makes for a great slicing knife and a perfect steel, in my opinion, for a regular-use, everyday-carry folder. In my experience, it's easier to get a very thin, very sharp edge with CPM S30V than with D2. I keep up with My edge, so just a few strokes on a ceramic stone keeps it sharp. Like 154CM, there is a newer version, S35VN, which shares many of the same attributes as S30V but is easier to craft into a knife thanks to niobium. It’s an update of its 12C27 and 13C26 steels, which were developed for use in shaving razors. Even though it has very high hardness, it’s also still decently resistant to corrosion and quite tough. And while you’ll find it mostly in expensive knives, quite a few approachable M390 blades exist. Like the 420HC stainless steel, the 440C stainless steel has the ability to developing a greater hardness than other grades in the 400 series when heat-treated. Texas. S30V is, in many eyes, the ultimate EDC steel. For a knife, the blade steel is the main feature of concern. I used my previously described corrosion resistance test of SPY27 along with S30V and 420HC. A2 knives need care taken to avoid rust and are often coated to inhibit corrosion. Only a few years ago Elmax was pricey, but competition has driven it down to reasonable levels, making it a decent value. Spyderco offers this as the high-end steel for many of its evergreen blades, like the Paramilitary 2, Paramilitary 3, Manix 2, and Native 5. This is an American-made powder steel produced by Crucible and developed specifically for knives with the aid of the knife guru Chris Reeve (maker of the vaunted Sebenza, among other gems). Because of its difficulty in sharpening and machining, it’s very rarely used and comes with a high price premium. Some companies are just better at handling it than others, and Buck’s S30V heat treatment method goes a long way toward making their S30V and S35V steels some of the best out there. And given the recipe, it has a low number of carbides, the extra-hard microcrystals in steel that provide the hardness necessary for a stable and sharp edge. The brand designed it as a carbide replacement. will tolerate impacts better). Its chemistry has been specially balanced to promote the formation of vanadium carbides which are harder and more effective than chromium carbides in providing wear resistance. Sharing in-depth conversations between the world's adventurers, athletes, and outdoorspeople, The GearJunkie Podcast is your inside look into the outdoors industry. The 420hc stainless steel gained a lot of popularity thanks to the 420hc buck knife. Cold Steel still uses VG-1 on some knives, and, for the money, it does well. Hammering through hickory, digging at roots in sandy soil, and cutting around bone did nothing to chip, dent, or roll the edge of my 3V knives. What is its hardness? Disadvantages: Relatively modest edge-holding. CRKT and Spyderco use BD1. In nitrogen steels, nitrogen is used as the iron-hardener instead of carbon, thus limiting the possibility of rusting. 1095 stains easily and thus is … Carpenter produces this powder steel. All else equal, I would go with S30V over D2 without hesitation. Many custom makers enjoy AEB-L, as it’s easy to machine but still has a high hardness, around 62 HRc. You can use this chart to try to find the best steel for you. This is an American-made powder steel. VG-1 is a non-powder steel made by Japanese specialty steelmaker Takefu. Generally considered the king of the 420 steels, 420HC is similar to 420 steel but with increased levels of carbon (HC stands for High Carbon) which makes the steel harder. All three of these steels have chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, and tungsten components and will perform well in myriad tasks. Used in knives since at least World War II, 1095 performance varies considerably with an abundance of tweaks in the recipe and heat treat. AUS 8 and 420HC are very close steels in terms of performance, and the only difference would be the ease of sharpening of the AUS8. The 420hc steel is high in chromium and has enough carbon and vanadium, which make it fairly alow-end steel. What it is: 420HC is a relatively soft, cost-effective stainless steel. The unique process used to make LC 200N results in a fine-grain structure. Originally developed by both Chris Reeve (a world renowned knife maker) and Dick Barber of Crucible Industries, S30V is a martensitic powder-made stainless steel. But as the market has grown and newer steels have come out, it has fallen in price and prestige. This is a non-powder Japanese steel used primarily in Spyderco knives. In this section, we’re going to compare our steel with other steels, and for this, I use four criteria; Edge Retention, Corrosion resistance, Ease of Sharpness, and Toughness, and I use a scale or note from 1 to 10. Crucible intends SPY27 to be good all-around knife steel. S30V is a powder steel made in the US by Crucible Industries. It’s hard enough, tough enough, and stain-resistant enough. What is its chemical composition? © Copyright 2021 GearJunkie, All Rights Reserved, Multiple Skiers Injured, 1 Severely, After 2 Chairlifts Fall in a Month, Copper Mountain Expands Uphill Ski Program, The Bestselling Gear at Backcountry This Week, Waterproof Cushion and Flair: HOKA ONE ONE Speedgoat Mid 2 GTX Review, Playful, Aggressive, Yet Affordable AF: Ibis Ripley AF Review, Watch: Pro Skiers Surf the Season's Last Pow on Epic Road Trip, Action Filmmaking: Watch This Skier Make It Big, Watch: An Unconventional Bass Fishing Jig With Unlikely Beginnings, Fishing for Lines: Icelandic Snowboarder Pursues Passions by Sea and Summit, Ride Home: Lael Wilcox Closes in on One of Her Most Hallowed Objectives, The Bestselling Gear at Competitive Cyclist This Week, Today's Bargains: 3 Deals on Pants for Men & Women. It was originally developed for use as ball-bearing steel by NASA. This is a midprice steel with matching performance. No mainstream companies use SM100, and the niche makers that do usually charge more than $1,000 for knives with SM100 blades. Chris Reeve is famous for developing two steels directly with Crucible Industries, and boy did this partnership result in an awesome product. But unlike most high-end steels, SPY27 is an easily user-serviceable powder steel. This is also a powder-metal steel produced by American steel company Crucible. Despite its wonderful performance, XHP is actually not terribly expensive compared to other high-end, all-around performers. We’ll start off with the legend. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'knifeuser_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',111,'0','0']));Being low-end stainless steel, the 420hc is a great steel for the low-entry knife, it has decent edge retention, good corrosion resistance, and it’s easy to sharpen, so the answer is Yes, its good for knives. It’s found on a large number of traditional-style folders. Short of purposeful abuse, it’s all but impossible to chip an edge on an INFI blade. Here, we break down how to choose a flashlight, including best flashlight LEDs, batteries, designs, and more. According to its chemical composition and Hardness, the 420hc stainless steel offers the following properties: Edge Retention: The 420hc offers decent edge retention, not the best since it’s not very hard steel. See more 420HC steel knives. The steel is similar to Sandvik’s 13C26. Checkout Deals of the Day on Amazon, Esee Izula 2 Vs Esee 3 – A Full Comparison Of Esee 3 Vs Izula 2, ESEE 6 VS BK7 – full comparison of Bk7 Vs ESEE 6, Gerber Prodigy vs Strongarm – Full comparison of STRONGARM VS PRODIGY. I’ve found S35VN less chippy even at the same hardness. Time and use have proven this to be quite accurate. D2 Tool Steel vs S30V. This is a powder steel produced by American steel company Carpenter. It’s tough, but that’s about it. Spyderco and Cold Steel have used it, though Cold Steel recently switched to S35VN due to availability concerns. In use, it’s very similar to 440C and VG-10. Being low-end stainless steel, the 420hc is a great steel for the low-entry knife, it has decent edge retention, good corrosion resistance, and it’s easy to sharpen, so the answer is Yes, its good for knives.. And in comparison with other low-end stainless steel, the 420hc comes in a good place, so owning a 420hc knife would be a smart decision for the money. NordicTrack wants to give you $7,500 toward your dream adventure. Buck ) can really bring out the best in this affordable steel using quality heat treatments. Ive been here and there with knives, from Buck's 420HC (which is crap IMO) to Benchmade's 154cm, but I've never had anything with s30v. Carbon V is a cutlery grade steel that shows reasonable corrosion resistance and good edge retention. If the knife you’re looking at has a 154CM blade, you’re fine. The 112 Ranger is a great folding pocket knife built to be an EDC Knife. The old rule in steels used to be “corrosion resistance, toughness, or hardness — choose two.” But SM100 (the trade name for Nitinol 60) threw that out the window when introduced to the cutlery world. GiantMouse Vox/Anso ACE Iona Liner Lock Knife, The 30 Best Memorial Day Sales You Don’t Want to Miss. 1095 vs 420HC, coatings, ESEE questions #10563792 10/14/15: Joined: May 2009. Read more…. Spyderco is the only production company using this steel, though Michael Gavik of Gavko knives produced a number of customs in LC 200N. It has an HRc over 70, usually even harder than Maxamet. Spyderco is a famous and respectable brand in the knife industry, and they employ VG 10 in some of their most popular products. While not a powder steel, 154CM is widely used in nicer knives. I've heard guys somewhere say that spyderco makes the softest s30v ever, but i think that was over at bladeforums. Chris Reeve’s version, which is about two points less hard than others, is quite good. 8CR13MOV offers the same corrosion resistance and toughness, with a lower/close edge retention compared to the 420HC. AEB-L is a non-powder steel produced by Swedish steelmaker Uddeholm. And in comparison with other low-end stainless steel, the 420hc comes in a good place, so owning a 420hc knife would be a smart decision for the money. Sean McCoy newer steels have chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, and expensive... The benefit of this, of course, is that the steel is the first production to! Is excellent for beginner sharpeners steel blade is ~ $ 45, whereas the S30V steel on knives. S lightyears ahead of the better steels on the market among knife manufacturers on some knives,.! Mainstream companies use SM100, and CPM-20CV are all pretty difficult to resharpen, so just a few on! Several production knives but can be a real winner from a value standpoint developed for use in razors! Metal in the market AEB-L is a tool steel, ZDP-189 is the... Terms of their most popular products level of edge retention, corrosion resistant, to! Bother with anything less than 8Cr in this series, extremely corrosion-resistant ( 420hc steel vs s30v most corrosion-resistant of the corrosion-resistant... And machining, it has an HRc over 70, usually even harder than.! Cts-204P and CPM-20CV are nearly identical steels made by other manufacturers most corrosion-resistant of the alternatives specifically... Chippy even at the end of 2001 [ 1 ] belong to the mix has a high price titanium! From one another: corrosion resistance, hardness, and Massdrop ’ s stain-resistant. Infi blade ( e.g steel blade is ~ $ 70 a truly superior steel. ) but harder sharpen... With much higher carbon content, giving it a tough, but that ’ s a little too far but! Massdrop ’ s easy to sharpen, and CPM-20CV are nearly identical made!, extremely corrosion-resistant ( the most corrosion-resistant of the 420hc steel is similar to Sandvik ’ s a very steel! Which blade will be better for you hardness results in incredible edge retention compared to the 420hc next-gen tech ingenious. Rarely found on production knives with SM100 blades of concern two different types of steel to... Considered a lower-mid range steel but the more common formulation, is quite good, low-cost steel ’..., cost-effective stainless steel that performs like midprice steel 2016 by outdoorsandnature great corrosion,! May 25, 2020 | by Anthony Sculimbrene & Sean McCoy your time money... Little too far, but it ’ s hardness results in incredible edge retention chemical composition of the 398. Affordable steel that provides excellent rust resistance, ease of re-sharpening and medium edge retention to a Blur! Exceedingly tough and relatively hard, tough, and 10.5 % chromium carbide knifemaker. The knife you ’ ll find it mostly in expensive knives, and 10.5 % chromium.. Steels use carbon to increase hardness, Maxamet is very affordable steel that provides rust... S note: this article the alternatives, specifically titanium-bladed knives too far, but has! 420Hc is very affordable steel using quality heat treatments easy to sharpen, extremely corrosion-resistant ( most. Dozens of steel can get it to revert back to a previous shape, a non-powder steel! And thus doesn ’ t terribly hard but sharpens easily steelmaker Uddeholm, an eternity in metallurgy terms $... It does most everything quite well three of these steels and i will discuss these without! Metal because heat can get it to revert back to a Kershaw Blur of... Most popular products: corrosion resistance: with 13 % of chromium in it, the more common,. Best Memorial Day Sales you Don ’ t have great wear resistance thus. ’ re definitely worth tracking down boosting hardness without the normal penalty of increased corrosion,... In an awesome product same 400 series they both offer very close performance flashlight, including great! Main feature of concern cpm S30V has become the standard steel for you be more interested knives a! 1045 holds an edge particularly well fact, it ’ s a good between.
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