father knickerbocker history
Then in a diary for 1797 he marks December 6th “Thanksgiving.” Although almanacs were published in this country throughout the eighteenth century, and they include the saints of the Anglican prayer-book and even St. George, St. Patrick, St. David, and St. Lawrence, no one of the many includes St. Nicholas.8 Yet here he is, in Pintard’s private almanac of 1793, the only saint in his calendar, alongside Christmas, New Year, Easter, and Whitsuntide; but also alongside Independence Day, Washington’s Birthday, and the anniversary of the British evacuation of New York. Father Knickerbocker used to represent New York City in cartoons, much the way Uncle Sam is used for the United States. Shakespeare showed Drayton; but who showed Moore? New Amsterdam was controlled by the Reformation government of Holland. The first evidence is an item in Rivington’s Gazetteer for December 23, 1773: Another notice appeared in 1774. The final decision to call the team the “Knickerbockers” was made by the club’s founder, the legendary Ned Irish. Because of the disasters of the Napoleonic and British wars, this event was widely discussed in the press at the time of the Christmas and New Year holidays. In 1809, legendary author Washington Irving solidified the knickerbocker name in New York lore when he wrote the satiric "A History of New York from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty" under the pseudonym Diedrich Knickerbocker. The Knickerbocker baseball club, founded in 1845, was the first organized baseball team in the United States. Ned Irish – the founding fatherof the Knicks – led the club to victory against the Toronto Huskies (68-66) during their first showdown in this newfound league. Gulian could have been both an inspiration and a source for Irving; in fact, we may guess, in the absence of records, that it was Gulian who introduced Irving to this Society. In 1882 I the General Theological Seminary opened its doors, and its little faculty of six were in constant association. But if the citizens of New Netherland had defied the laws of their country by giving aid and solace to the enemy, wouldn’t some record of the treason appear? And by the way, Santa Claus is not a characteristically Dutch corruption. Throughout the Germanic and Gallic world St. Nicholas was the most famous name in cookies at that time. back5. Brown. The Father Knickerbocker ball given for the benefit of the City History club in the new ballroom of the Plaza last night was very largely attended. 1. “Laying his finger aside of his nose” is a direct quote from the History. And in 1822 Verplanck’s enthusiasm was Santa Claus. Among the Germans of Pennsylvania, a conservative ethnic group, Kris Kringle (a corruption of Christ Kindlein) and Pelznichol (that is, Furry Nicholas) were imported in the eighteenth century and still leave traces. He and Washington Irving were at that time fellow readers in law in the office of Josiah Ogden Hoffman. True, he would do his best to forget the image—for fifteen years he was silent about the doggerel he wrote, a long time to avoid fame for the sake of aesthetics. When did it all start? They cannot choose but hear. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Father+Knickerbocker, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area, Father Involvement Initiative Ontario Network, Father is passing himself off as daughter to collect inheritance. Now St. Nicholas in the eighteenth century was no longer anathema to reformers, as he had been in the seventeenth. When St. Nicholas was introduced into New York households, the date of visitation usually depended on the sect of the family. Even this erudite son of the Episcopal Bishop of New York and President of Columbia College must have heard of Santa Claus after Irving. The symbol was spreading. We know that throughout the eighteenth century New Year Day was an indigenous New York holiday, talked about in Boston and Philadelphia as belonging to New York. Tammany is no longer a saint, but a tiger. Every faculty has its Gulian, who perches himself 0n his colleagues’ desks and pours out his moment’s enthusiasm. E. L. Raesly, Portrait of New Netherland, New York: 1945. Individual European emigrants have continuously imported Nicholas customs. I, but John Pintard. You can tell something of his effectiveness by recalling that “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers” is his. But he was conventional in the best eighteenth-century manner, and pedantic. He learned, too, to take his St. Nicholas prayerfully; so that he was primarily responsible for the founding, in 1835, of the St. Nicholas Society. In Southampton and Tripoli he guards sailors and merchants. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Cutting married a Pintard, and Mitchill was his greatest student. Eighteen years later Pintard wrote, in a letter to his daughter, that he had heard some lines of this verse from his mother-in-law, but could only learn all of the words from a Mrs. John Hardenbrook (aet. It is obviously derived from both the Pintard verses and the Knickerbocker History: Santa Claus was made by Washington Irving. If you think, as I do, that St. Nicholas is a little out of Moore’s natural channel, look to Gulian Verplanck, in some ways the most typical of the Knickerbockers. Irving, unlike Paulding, would not overwork a joke; but up would bob St. Nicholas in his stories of the Hudson as much as thirty years after the History. The New York Knicksgot their start in 1946 as one of the initial members of the NBA. This year, there will be about seven thousand emaciated little men, padded out with pillows and other stuffing, bad-fitting cotton beards (washable, fireproof nylon beards and wigs for Santa Clauses cost $24.95 at Gimbels), red cheese-cloth, and black oilcloth boots, ringing bells at seven thousand corners of these United States, distracting citizens and cutting down on the capital goods production of the country. As a prelude, he ran ads for nearly a month before about the missing Knickerbocker to whet the public’s appetite, as they did. Author: Father Knickerbocker Oakey Hall on New York Riots, 1834-1871. It is demonstrable that Pintard helped to create Washington’s Birthday and the Fourth of July as national holidays. professor.”. He had been associated with Moore at Columbia. For example, according to Meisen’s census there were 2,137 ecclesiastical dedications to Nicholas in France, Germany, and the Low Countries alone before the year 1500. Even in this instance Pintard was in the van; for though he did not create the tiger, in his later days he referred to Tammany as a panther. The custom lasted for sixty years or so, but has now, I believe, disappeared. The first, of course, is Clement Moore’s poem, A Visit of St. Nicholas, written Christmas 1822.16 It has been known that Moore depended upon Irving. But germination does not become virulent unless a unique set of conditions and a unique set of men change a latent infection into a plague. Two voices that would help to determine who would get this prize were Verplanck’s and Washington Irving’s. Here is the source of the legends about St. Nicholas in New Amsterdam—of the emigrant ship Goede Vrouw, like a Dutch matron as broad as she was long, with a figurehead of St. Nicholas at the prow. Although I am a professor, I cannot wholly resent Pintard’s attitude. They might have gotten it from any one of the germinal ideas of emigrants which were brought to America to die. 1. The St. Nicholas over the door to the Baptistry at St. John the Divine is our saint. His imagination was derivative. Knickerbocker's purported manuscript, A History of New York, was Irving's own. Barck I, 164). It is considered to be the most exclusive club in the United States and one of the most prestigious and selective clubs in the world. Hockey was another popular sport at the time and generated considerable profits; however, the arenas were not used often. Told from Knickerbocker's point of view, A History of New York is a chronicle of New York's fifty years under Dutch rule in the 1600s that plays fast and loose with the facts, to uproarious effect. Moore, of all men, was the soul of honor. There is a mood of irresponsibility that overwhelms fathers at the Christmas season, and in none is the mood more marked or more catastrophic in its results than in pedants. Irma and Paul Milstein Division of United States History, Local History and Genealogy, The New York Public Library. N. Phelps Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan Island, index, S. V. back4. Tammany had started out King Tammany, in opposition to King George; but in 1771 it had become St. Tammany, in opposition to St. George. They reacted as patriots do. 6. Knickerbocker's realization was a long route, starting with his ordination as a Methodist minister in 1966. 326-330. But in the main, his place of safety is among children. He was public orator for Pintard and DeWitt Clinton, and he was the waddling embodiment of The New-York Historical Society.12. But to readers it must be clear that it was also a take-off on Mitchill himself. At the Historical Society’s St. Nicholas Day celebrated a dozen years ago Mrs. Carson answered that question, when she told how she and Dr. Brigham of The American Antiquarian Society discovered a unique copy of a juvenile called The Children’s Friend, published on Broadway just the year before Clement Moore wrote his poem. No Acts. His anapests and iambs never falter, and his diction is time-tested and secure. XX, Monday, Jan. 25, 1808. back11. Mr. Verplanck was fond of all old time customs, and celebrated Christmas with his grandchildren in the good old way. In Wales and Crete, he is invoked by fishermen. What we can assert with surety is that New York patriots formed a local society and dedicated it to St. Nicholas as a New York symbol, just as Philadelphians sanctified Tammany—all because of St. George. The first quatrain: is illustrated by a sprightly reindeer and sleigh.17, I doubt that Moore would have written St. Nicholas in any other year; fathers in a holiday frenzy seize the subject close at hand. No doubt the popularity of Moore’s verses helped to center the event on Christmas. She married Adam J Hoysradt in 1799, in New York, United States. A few years later, he published a small book listing 194 famous events of American history which had himself at their centers. All of them had been most intimate from their early years; Verplanck and Irving had studied law with my father. Even today Nicholas cookies are sold from Vienna to Ghent, and the bakers advertise that they are made in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century molds. This, then, is our best current knowledge about the Sons St. of Nicholas in the years 1773 and 1774. Today Mitchill is almost forgotten. While Weir was painting our St. Nicholas—Irving’s subject, and one specifically commissioned by Verplanck—a committee was meeting in Washington to decide the commission. Search this site . The ease with which the mind confuses the chronology of popular customs is well documented. Moore (professor in an Anglican seminary) in 1822 wrote, “The night before Christmas”; but there are printings of his verses during the next twenty years in which the line is changed to, “The night before New Years.” These religious scruples only gradually disappeared. It is specifically stated that these meetings were intended to counteract St. George and the other British saints. The best estimates indicate that in this period the number of Dutch in the Colonies did not noticeably outnumber French, Flemish, Walloons, or Swedes, and were outnumbered by Germans—all of whom together constituted but ten per cent of the population. The next decades, too, established the city as the hub of publishing, of styles, and of the lively arts. In both, members of this Society played a part. His publisher gave him an advance royalty of $1400 on one book (The Dutchman’s Fireside, 1830), and he published about thirty. The same sardonic humor that led Philadelphians to sanctify a misty Delaware chieftain made New York patriots look about for a proletarian local equivalent, antipathetic to the opprobrious British symbol. To my knowledge, the first appearance of St. Nicholas in a published almanac is Longworth’s Directory for 1816-17; the name does not appear in the first issue, 1815-16. back9. The lobby, on the Forty-second Street side, was much admired by the host of visitors, and all paused to take a look at the representation of Father Knickerbocker in the entrance hall. As early as 1680, Charles Wolley wrote: “The English observed one custom, and that without superstition, I mean the strenarum commercium, as Suetonius calls them, a neighbourly commerce of presents every New-Years day.” Note that he thought the custom English, not Dutch. From 1809, St. Nicholas was New York. (nĭk`ərbŏk'ər), term used almost synonymously with the adjective "Dutch" in respect to Dutch families and customs and the Dutch region of early New York state. Professor of chemistry and natural philosophy at Columbia College, in these years 1804 to 1809 he was United States Senator, not by election, but by appointment of Clinton’s party as Clinton’s successor. The success of this society led to the establishment of parallel societies for the other three British nations: St. David’s for the Welsh, St. Patrick’s for the Irish, and St. George’s for the English. Gift-giving on that day was a custom of merchants; “the bakers’ dozen” was limited to that day. In 1951 The New-York Historical Society acquired a lovely painting of Santa Claus through the generosity of the late Mr. Zabriskie, who was one of the latest in a long line of friends of Santa Claus. We come now to the founder of this Society, John Pintard—that singular mixture of heterogeneous particles, as Hazard called him.7 In the immediate post-Revolutionary era, he led innumerable new movements: in the Marine Society; in founding the historical societies of this country, starting with Massachusetts; in the first insurance company, the first savings bank; in the American Bible Society, and the General Theological Seminary; in the New York Common Council and in the State Assembly; in the Louisiana Purchase and the Erie Canal. The Bookman, Dec. 1920, pp. There is a popular explanation, which is about as accurate as most explanations of plagues—a legend which is repeated yearly in those Christmas books which blossom with the poinsettias. In December of 1809, before he was famous, the 26-year-old Manhattan-born Irving published his satirical book, A History of New-York from the Beginning of … These sensitive souls, who must always be right as they front the world and consequently succeed in being only stuffy, are at that season caught with their inhibitions down. We cannot know whether these cookies gave the patriots their idea. Father Knickerbocker A 1908 soirée featured an elaborate celebration of Father Knickerbocker, the mythical white-wigged figure who was New York’s version of Uncle Sam. Betsy 01/29/2020 06/07/2020 Advertising, History, New York City, Nostalgia, Shopping, Vintage Brooklyn, Elaine Winik, Father Knickerbocker, Howard Clothes, Mens Clothing, New York City, New York Giants, New York Gothams, NYC, NYC Blackout of 1977, Ripley’s Clothes, Samuel Sennet 1 This correspondence indicates, first, that before the publication of Moore’s poem in The New York Book of Verse in 1837 Weir had done still another picture of St. Nicholas at Verplanck’s request. Even belly-jelly was a good classical rhyme in Moore’s eighteenth-century models. From then on, St. George’s parties grew more lavish and officialdom more irritating to the patriots, especially to underprivileged patriots. Sic transit gloria! At this late date Pintard wrote that his children had sung the verses as infants; but it is doubtful. We should expect so popular an image to be brought to America, and it was—before the Reformation. That somewhat rowdy group of patriots was interested in regalia and picnics, not museums; but under Pintard’s reign, they established the Tammany Museum of American Antiquities. back12. Pintard gradually drifted from his Huguenot church; by 1828 he was firmly installed in the Anglican communion, to which his family subscribed. 87) through Judge Benson. by Charles W. Jones*, The New-York Historical Society Quarterly, October 1954. Nor was that all. At all events, as St. Tammany had become in his mind the patron saint of his nation, St. Nicholas had become the patron saint of his city. New Yorkers might borrow an attractive idea from their neighbors, but they would stamp it with their own trade-mark. I emphasize that there is a good chance that these patriots never had Holland in mind at all. back16. 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