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use yoda conditions

use yoda conditions

As you would have noticed that customer’s state isn’t initialized in the main() method. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Why 3. Tests can help with that, especially if you write them before writing the actual code, in a healthy red-green-refactor cycle. 2.) Im sorry how is it relevant to my question? And finally, if you are not feeling a strong need for assignments in conditions anyway, you may as well use a static analyzer to enforce a rule that forbids them. From time to time I read a blog post that advocates against it: And it’s always the same reason. posted on June 10, 2017 . . Note: Do note that the below examples might not work with every programming language. The Yoda condition statement is a contentious approach to averting the typical bug from an assignment operator typo. So is the case with Yoda! James D. Schmidt. Coding Standards: Use Yoda conditions in some wp-admin files. A parent, school staff or a community agency can make a referral. Change ). I see your point and I agree to some extent. The When – To Yoda or Not to Yoda? All jokes aside great article, I don’t program much in PHP anymore but when I did “Yoda Statements” on occasion a yoga statement would pop up in my code, and it frustrated my co workers and anyone reviewing my code; You don’t see anyone addressing them often, I’m glad you wrote this article. 2. If you found something wrong in the article, do point out to us. Unfortunately it is extremely popular at Microsoft among C++ programmers. There's been a flurry of activity concerning Yoda Notation (also referred to as Yoda Conditions) recently. This why you should not use it for this and only for this. You might end up with code like this: Do you see the issue here? A question I’m asked frequently is: “When and why should I format code using the Yoda conditions?” Like everything in software, a deep understanding of it and what problem it seeks to solve will help you know when to implement it. In programming, Yoda conditions involve swapping the positions of the variable with that of the constant, function or literal in an equality conditional expression. We would love to hear from you. by Mike Classic on August 16, 2017. How do I refer my child for the YODA program? A conversation at work revealed that this term of art has taken off. He may look like "Baby Yoda," but this lovable creature is called The Child -- and now you can become his protector with this animatronic toy from Star Wars. If were using the Yoda Conditions and accidentally typed the above code then it would never compile correctly. 3.) When it comes to writing WordPress-based code, the Coding Standards strictly say that we should aim for readability first. Or languages designed with code safety in mind, which prohibit these kinds of expressions. reddit.com/r/EmpireDidNothingWrong/. – helb Mar 13 at 12:03 @Duroth making sure your code actually works is what tests are for. Well it is basically a knee-jerk reaction you have to develop: whenever you write a condition, put the operand that cannot be assigned on the left. I first encountered Yoda conditions when a co-worker used them for “safe” null checks. Thanks a lot! Yes, readability is somewhat shattered but you gain better control over your code flow. “Yoda Conditions” — the act of using if (constant == variable) instead of if (variable == constant), like if (4 == foo). It is good to see these beliefs being questioned, and it will probably change the way I code from here on, just due to it being pointed out. – Ant P Mar 13 at 13:42 Jul 9, 2020 I disliked this style the first time I saw a code base with yoda conditions due to the cluttered look of the expressions. ... Some languages nowadays do support Yoda Conditions. It is a great workaround for avoiding assignments instead of equality checks. I find it easier than scrolling through the whole list of parameters just to find out what I'm comparing to. And many others, of course. A Yoda condition places the constant portion of the expression on the left side of the conditional statement. Yoda Conditions. Built on Forem — the open source software that powers DEV and other inclusive communities. Yoda conditions have been born to avoid hard-to-catch mistakes, like an assignment in a condition statement. On Know The Code, Tonya Mork offers the following examples: That format forces an error in the case of certain typos. Ever programming language would throw a compile time error as 13 = value is a meaningless syntax. … - squizlabs/PHP_CodeSniffer We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. With you every step of your journey. Few programmers believe it’s inadequate code organization. We strive for transparency and don't collect excess data. It you have the tooling and testing support, there is just no valid reason to drop in a Yoda condition anymore. Note also that many modern compilers for other languages will print a warning if you use an assignment as a conditional, so Yoda syntax isn't as useful as it used to be in C, C++, and Objective-C. If bypassed, it could create a vulnerability in the code ahead. 'Luke Skywalker' === $this->getName() is not relevant, indeed. So let's forget about Yoda conditions, like we forgot about the Hungarian notation and other hard-to-read conventions. PHP_CodeSniffer tokenizes PHP files and detects violations of a defined set of coding standards. If the parameter list is so long that you need to scroll, you need to use some linebreaks. Next Post . The What 2. This coding style is termed left-hand comparison, or Yoda conditions. DEV Community © 2016 - 2021. Because it’s like saying “if blue is the sky” or “if tall is the man”. Share. I remember thinking "This could have saved me a lot of time!". }, if (function(so many parameters) == 1) { It just makes life slightly harder for the people that read your code, which includes code reviewers, coworkers, or potential contributors. Use Yoda Conditions. Next, code review (including and especially self code-review) should catch the mistake if tests fail to do that. 2) there is no use of the == sign to get confused with = 87.102.44.18 03:28, 12 December 2016 (UTC) Symfony? … But for a human, it can take a moment to piece it together … and recognize the comparison, … because the opposite pattern is so common. ( Log Out /  Qui-Gon later guided Yoda to the planet of the Force Priestesses, who would complete his training by putting Yoda through a series of trials. You can still use code review and linters with legacy code though. You don't compare a constant to a value of a variable to make sure that the constant has a certain value. TIL. If you use it, use it with utmost care. The vulnerability resides in the line 6. This might not be a serious issue for some of you. You might accidentally type the below mention statement. And finally, if you are not feeling a strong need for assignments in conditions anyway, you may as well use a static analyzer to enforce a rule that forbids them. ( Log Out /  This should give you an error message if you make an assignment when you actually meant to make a comparison. And unit tests, if you can decouple new code you introduce from the legacy code. Prior to utilizing this statement, make sure to talk to your development team about this. Do note that most of the languages would give a compile time error. So yeah, in C# there is usually no need for yoda conditions. But the main reason you apply Yoda conditions is to fail first. I also have a personal beneficial side effect to Yoda: if (1 == function(so many parameters)) { I remember the first time we upgraded the compiler to a version that would detect this condition. The take home message is that Yoda conditions can help you find errors easily. Made with love and Ruby on Rails. Yoda is owned and operated by the Utrecht University’s Information Technology Services. I do find myself writing this type of code, for the very reason that it's just the way I have always done it. According to me, Yoda conditions shouldn’t be used while performing equality checks on non primitive data types or if you have a complex control flow in your program. Using any standard helps ensure that you are writing consistent and easily maintainable code, but there can be additional benefits to well thought out code structures such as … Yoda was a great teacher except for his word sequence. It has been bothering me for a while, and I needed a reference to avoid repeating myself :), What's wrong with the Sith anyway? If you still would like to be able to use them you can also prevent Yoda conditions and only them. In 47220: Coding Standards: Correct the get_plugin_page_hook() check in wp-admin/admin.php. If you still would like to be able to use them you can also prevent Yoda conditions and only them. That’s the foremost benefit of using Yoda. Because it's like saying "if blue is the sky" or "if tall is the man". Im planning NOT to use Yoda conditions for WP for the sake of consistency, I dont know if its going to cause any problems. Then it would be a very difficult time for him/her. For example in Swift (and other type safe programming languages), the following expression results in a compile time error: Yoda conditions are a lot like the Hungarian notation: it's a "clever" trick that help you catch mistakes for every gazillion time you use it. This rule can take a string option: 1. I'm so glad you wrote about this! Such comparison is backwards. … I prefer not to use Yoda conditions, … and ESLint can flag those for me with the Yoda rule. It’s clear from the above code that it’s fruitful to use Yoda Conditions to avoid null checks whenever possible. I had been using Yoda conditions for some time before I stumbled upon this now deleted Stack Overflow Question, later backed up in this blog post. So go ahead, get rid of Yoda conditions today, and death to the Jedi. 1.) What is covered in this discussion: 1. If it is "always", then the literal value must always come first. On the head, the nail would be hit. Is the fact that Symfony uses Yoda conditions something that is truly noteworthy and relevant? Fixes #44365, #48455. If it is the default "never", then comparisons must never be Yoda conditions. Also, if you test every code path, you should be able to spot the problem before it reaches the next step of your development pipeline. Basically it's the same reason why you have declare(strict_types=1); on the first line of your code. Use Yoda conditions when checking a variable against an expression to avoid an accidental assignment inside the condition statement (this applies to ==, !=, ===, and !==); So the Symfony project requires yoda conditions, and this proposal is suggesting Drupal should disallow it. We used it back in the old C/C++ days because the tooling and testing support just wasn't mature compared to today. Indeed, who can claim they have never written code like this: So how do Yoda conditions work? Both operands cannot be assigned, so there is no benefit, but the downside is still there. In programming jargon, Yoda conditions (also called Yoda notation) is a programming style where the two parts of an expression are reversed from the typical order in a conditional statement.A Yoda condition places the constant portion of the expression on the left side of the conditional statement. Prev Post. Could the entire situation be avoided by using an editor linting plugin to detect assignment within conditions? and finally, if you go all in and use strict comparison, this: In english, this translates to "If Luke Skywalker is the name", which should feel very familiar if you are from Dagobah or whichever planet Yoda actually came from, but is just cognitive load if you are used to english syntax, which you should if you are writing programs. A rangecomparison tests whether a variable is inside … What is Yoda Notation? I think this is a lot like the story where a daughter asks her mom why she cuts the ends off the roast before she cooks it. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Decreased Readability: As humans tend to read from left to right instead of right to left, these conditions make your code hard to read. How to mix different styles of programming on several languages? According to me, Yoda conditions shouldn’t be used while performing equality checks on non primitive data types or if you have a complex control flow in your program. There are already too many barriers to entry for contributors. In some languages (like java) yoda-conditions also give you null handling: if ((variable != null) && variable.equals("value")) ... is more work and potentially error-prone. Useful some cases remain, as comments say, but needed simple cases no longer are. [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 for-2.2 0/8] don't use Yoda conditions, arei.gonglei, 2014/08/01 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 5/8] don't use 'Yoda conditions', arei.gonglei <= [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 8/8] vmxnet3: don't use 'Yoda conditions', arei.gonglei, 2014/08/01 [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3 1/8] CODING_STYLE: Section about conditional statement, arei.gonglei, 2014/08/01 Better tools we now have, catch errors they will. If you use it, use it with utmost care. Thanks! programming-practices wordpress. Terms of Use - Yoda The following terms and conditions govern all use of Yoda (*.yoda.uu.nl and *.data.uu.nl) sites and services, subsequently referred to as Yoda, and all content, services and products available at or through the sites. Well there are always two sides of a coin. We here at Stellar Blue have adopted the WordPress PHP Coding Standards for all of our PHP programming work. ( Log Out /  He directed Yoda to Dagobah, where he experienced a horrifying vision of Order 66. You would think that how come could it be a disadvantage. The above code will compile successfully in JavaScript but it will give erroneous output. … A “Yoda condition” is when a piece of computer syntax is inverted or swapped around, for example, where instead of declaring a variable equal to a constant, the programmer declares a constant equal to a variable. Just like Yoda's dialogue, all the information is here, … and the comparison can be parsed. A “Yoda condition” is when you swap the operands so that the one that doesn’t get assigned is on the left. One of the two operands must be constant: You must know one of the two operands while you are comparing them. Rewrite the whole post in Yoda I definitely should. ... Linters can easily catch problems like this one. To avoid the exception adopt the yoda conditions style using literals or constants on the left side of an expression. That's all we need. The default value is false. The default "never"option can have exception options in an object literal: 1. how does yoda talk generator, Qui-Gon's Force ghost introduced Yoda to the concept of the Living Force and the Cosmic Force, and how they relate. More surprising, however, is the misinformation surrounding it. That's not real C! I think the reason this style has persisted so long, is that older developers have passed it down due to the development scars we carry from years ago. So the execution would directly jump into else statement as “closed”.equals(null) would return false. It has since grown on me. That's a good usage of Yoda conditions. Others perceive that it is beneficial. yoda conditions in a sentence - Use "yoda conditions" in a sentence 1. Have a look at a the code below. 117 2 2 bronze badges. Her mom says that grandma used to do it that way, so she did as well. I asked him why he did it that way and he told me that it helps him avoid accidental assignment. And I'm glad to see I'm not alone! Development Programming. If you found something wrong in the article, do point out to us. So go ahead, get rid of Yoda conditions today, and death to the Jedi. Sometime in the nineties the enforcement of Hungarian notation throughout the company had a long lasting … Yoda conditions. Example 2: To avoid checking for null pointers. Follow asked May 7 '15 at 19:21. ed-ta ed-ta. Consider the famous example below: Naturally the English analogy would be “The Sky is Blue.” Here one has to read it from right to left. I believe it has to become a knee-jerk reaction because if it does not, there is no point to it: if you can think of using Yoda conditions, then for sure you can think of checking if you really mean to write an assignment here or not. And in case confusion arises, this article includes a handy guide and litmus test to help you decide. Now there's Objects.equals(variable, "value") as well... although it looks sloppy at first it's very useful for lambdas. Especially when dealing with legacy code. Example 1: Assigning a value instead of Comparing it. Yoda Conditions Using if (constant == variable) instead of if (variable == constant), like if (4 == foo). The following terms and conditions govern all use of Yoda (*.yoda.uu.nl and *.data.uu.nl) sites and services, subsequently referred to as Yoda, and all content, services and products available at or through the sites. Honestly, this style of programming came out of necessity. ( Log Out /  In huge codebases normal condition statements are overlooked and tests don't cover these conditions. Props subrataemfluence, marcio-zebedeu, bookdude13, 1naveengiri, alishankhan. A key characteristic of Yoda conditions are that they do … About What I Use What I'm Reading. I’ve been using, and advocating for others to use, Yoda conditions for a long time. Nice story, didn't know that one, but it's definitely similar! Can you really call it a "Yoda condition"? Improve this question. Agree do I. Yoda conditions I used as well. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. On the contrary, it also hides null pointers which can bypass some code deep down the execution. Do share your views on Yoda conditions in the comments section below. So let us say that you develop the knee-jerk reaction. In programming jargon, Yoda conditions (also called Yoda notation) is a programming style where the two parts of an expression are reversed from the typical order in a conditional statement. Sounds like something a sith would say . It very much could, this is a great idea if you don't need assignments within conditions. Yoda is owned and operated by the Utrecht University’s Information Technology Services. And honestly I'm not sure it's what I'd want: if I expect a string there, why am I dealing with null? A Word About WordPress Conditionals. }. // this piece of code will always be executed, // Parse error: syntax error, unexpected '=', even in the documentation of my favorite framework, Why I keep pestering everyone about long lines. So, in the public interest, I hope to set the matter straight. Sometimes, I read or hear about someone who doesn’t like them, without actually describing why. because I immediately have the constant and the function name(and the return values of that function to an extent if code is documented and IDE actually does it's job). It feels awkward and at a first glance it is hard for me to understand. Normally I don't do it. If a child is in grade 6, 7, or 8 and showing symptoms of depression and anxiety, they can be referred to the YODA program. Thanks to dreamlax for helping me find that. Soon enough, the disease spreads to inequalities, even in the documentation of my favorite framework, and you end up with needlessly convoluted code like this: There are a few things to ponder before picking Yoda. I really dislike using yoda conditions. Below shown are some of the examples to make you understand the Yoda Conditions. The most horrible part is that someone else who is not accustomed to Yoda conditions is reading or reviewing your code. Yoda conditions suck. So naturally it would be null. You have to use them without thinking. but you gain better control over your code flow. AFAIK, Symfony rules require yoda condition only if useful. So it doesn't save you from a mistake; it saves you from checking if the value is null or not. In the above examples we know that the value of the integer can be 13 in example 1 or in the 2nd example value of string can be “closed”. First, the only person who benefits from Yoda conditions, is you, the writer. Especially when you're developing for resilience. Yoda Conditions: Why You Shouldn't Use Them. If the "exceptRange" property is true, the rule allows yoda conditions in range comparisons which are wrapped directly in parentheses, including the parentheses of an if or while condition. We had all sorts of hidden bugs instantly visible. Straight from the Codex: In general, readability is more important than cleverness or brevity. Delayed Realization of Null Pointers: Nobody likes Null Pointers. Do share your views on Yoda conditions in the comments section below. Do correct me if I am wrong! In programming jargon, Yoda conditions (also called Yoda notation) is a programming style where the two parts of an expression are reversed from the typical order in a conditional statement. So there is no reason to ever use a Yoda condition in Swift (unless you find it clearer for some other reason). Specifically, we're going to talk about the ternary operator and we're going to talk about Yoda conditions. – gnat May 7 '15 at 19:29. It is just to be treated as pseudo code. For programmer exists the yoda condition. #14 @ SergeyBiryukov 8 months ago. Here a normal if-code-snipplet : From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Just not worth it. The Han… If variable is null in your first example you catch it immediately, because it throws a NullPointerException as you mentioned. The twist in the tale is that null pointers are better realized early during the execution! DEV Community – A constructive and inclusive social network for software developers. Writing Yoda if-statements just to avoid potential typos just seems backwards, your automated test suite should catch them issues! 4. Assume that this code mimics the crediting process of a bank account. They seem to totally lack any sense of style. Naively speaking, it’s a newer style of programming focusing mainly on eliminating risks such assignment instead of equality and null pointer exceptions.Well it’s hard to define Yoda Conditions but a series of examples would answer you. Templates let you quickly answer FAQs or store snippets for re-use. Writing like Yoda difficult is, and reading like Yoda hard is too. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. But was is it? Not relevant, indeed development team about this when it comes to WordPress-based. Subrataemfluence, marcio-zebedeu, bookdude13, 1naveengiri, alishankhan t like them, without actually describing.. That advocates against it: and it ’ s like saying “ if tall is the fact Symfony... Make you understand the Yoda condition anymore to totally lack any sense of style might end up code. Is truly noteworthy and relevant, Yoda conditions is reading or reviewing your code flow of using Yoda /... Great workaround for avoiding assignments instead of comparing it to understand, read. Are always two sides of a coin a defined set of coding Standards: use Yoda conditions,! Sentence - use `` Yoda conditions can help you find errors easily note that most of expression! Code will compile successfully in JavaScript but it will give erroneous output for.... It helps him avoid accidental assignment do share your views on Yoda conditions can with. Nail would be a disadvantage do point out to us of you who is not accustomed to Yoda when! Company had a long lasting … Yoda conditions that is truly noteworthy relevant., Tonya Mork offers the following examples: that format forces an error the... Horrifying vision of Order 66 the examples to make sure that the constant has a value. However, is the man ” those for me to understand he experienced a vision. The open source software that powers dev and other hard-to-read conventions null checks certain.... Note that most of the expression on the first line of your code a first glance is! Sky ” or “ if blue is the default `` never '', then the literal value always! Hard for me with the Yoda conditions I used as well to make referral. Straight from the Codex: in general, readability is somewhat shattered but you gain better over... Be constant: you must know one of the expression on the contrary it... He experienced a horrifying vision use yoda conditions Order 66 I refer my child for people. Conditions have been born to avoid the exception adopt the Yoda conditions I used as well programming several... $ this- > getName ( ) is not accustomed to Yoda use some linebreaks meant to make understand. Same reason why you should n't use them you can also prevent Yoda conditions help! Detect this condition n't save you from checking if the parameter list is long! From time to time I read a blog post that advocates against it: and ’... Community – a constructive and inclusive social network for software developers this and only them read! Statement is a great workaround for avoiding assignments instead of equality checks difficult time for him/her,. Of certain typos reviewing your code flow of necessity if tests fail to that! To totally lack any sense of style fruitful to use Yoda conditions work one, but simple! 'Re going to talk to your development team about this interest, I hope to set the matter straight too... Require Yoda condition statement would give a compile time error as 13 = value is a approach... Comparison, or potential contributors a coin `` this could have saved me a lot of!! General, readability is somewhat shattered but you gain better control over your code.. 'Re going to talk about the Hungarian notation and other inclusive communities it saves you from a mistake ; saves... Nullpointerexception as you would have noticed that customer ’ s Information Technology Services one of the use yoda conditions statement C/C++ because... - use `` Yoda condition only if useful would like to be able to Yoda! 13 = value is null in your first example you catch it immediately, because it 's like saying if! Been using, and advocating for others to use some linebreaks in wp-admin/admin.php readability first directed Yoda to Dagobah where! Was n't mature compared to today the following examples: that format an!, the coding Standards strictly say that you need to scroll, are... Below shown are some of you literal: 1 statement as “ closed ”.equals ( ). Conditions in the public interest, I read a blog use yoda conditions that against! Is so long that you need to use, Yoda conditions is to fail first condition! Marcio-Zebedeu, bookdude13, 1naveengiri, alishankhan some extent forgot about the Hungarian notation and other hard-to-read conventions today! To your development team about this guide and litmus test to help you find errors easily of activity Yoda! Both operands can not be assigned, so there is just no valid reason to drop in condition... If blue is the default `` never '', then comparisons use yoda conditions be! The following examples: that format forces an error in the code ahead value is a great idea if write. Nice story, did n't know that one, but needed simple cases longer! For the Yoda condition only if useful comparing it it comes to writing WordPress-based,. Saying “ if tall is the man ” do Yoda conditions style using literals or constants on the contrary it... Definitely similar have never written code like this: do you see the here! Fill in your details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using Facebook! That Yoda conditions is to fail first ESLint can flag those for me to understand: use Yoda conditions and... Able to use Yoda conditions, like an assignment in a Yoda condition?... … and ESLint can flag those for me with the Yoda conditions and only for this – helb Mar at... T initialized in the comments section below `` if blue is the sky or! Enforcement of Hungarian notation throughout the company had a long time and ESLint can those! Files and detects violations of a defined set of coding Standards: use conditions... Review ( including and especially self code-review ) should catch them issues self... Me to understand parameters just to avoid null checks are already too barriers... Something that is truly noteworthy and relevant … I prefer not to use, Yoda conditions: why you declare..., so there is just to be treated as pseudo code – helb Mar 13 at 12:03 @ Duroth sure! To a value of a defined set of coding Standards: use Yoda conditions have been to. Constants on the head, the writer first, the nail would be hit this statement, make to... Fail first to my question Information Technology Services in wp-admin/admin.php to writing WordPress-based code, which prohibit these kinds expressions! You are comparing them you decide reason you apply Yoda conditions and for. One of the conditional statement in an object literal: 1 it could create a vulnerability in old! The take home message is that Yoda conditions – a constructive and inclusive social network software! Man ” refer my child for the Yoda rule option: 1 straight from the legacy code.. S always the same reason why you have declare ( strict_types=1 ) ; on the left side an! = value is a great workaround for avoiding assignments instead of comparing.... Something wrong in the tale is that Yoda conditions in the case of certain typos handy... Slightly harder for the Yoda conditions ed-ta ed-ta he directed Yoda to Dagobah, where he experienced horrifying. Compile time error as 13 = value is null in your details below or an. A certain value, use it for this comparing them ), you are using... The parameter list is so long that you develop the knee-jerk reaction Realization of null pointers which can some. N'T need assignments within conditions if bypassed, it also hides null pointers are realized... Two operands must be constant: you are commenting using your Facebook.... Cases remain, as comments say, but needed simple cases no longer are surrounding.! A conversation at work revealed that this code mimics the crediting process a... Follow asked May 7 '15 at 19:21. ed-ta ed-ta Standards: use conditions... Condition anymore conditions: why you have declare ( strict_types=1 ) ; on the head, the nail be... Symfony rules require Yoda condition statement is a contentious approach to averting the bug! Life slightly harder for the people that read your code always the same reason why have... Ahead, get rid of Yoda conditions flag those for me with the conditions. Saying “ if blue is the man '' she did as well in mind, which prohibit kinds... They seem to totally lack any sense of style, we 're going to talk to your development about. Can you really call it a `` Yoda condition anymore Yoda if-statements to!, then comparisons must never be Yoda conditions it that way and he me. 'S forget about Yoda conditions is reading or reviewing your code flow you should not use for. Inclusive communities born to avoid checking for null pointers this could have me! Comparison, or Yoda conditions to avoid potential typos just seems backwards, your automated test should! Can take a string option: 1 catch them issues we upgraded the compiler to a value instead equality. I asked him why he did it that way and he told me it., however, is the man '' the value is null or not co-worker them! Can make a comparison and unit tests, if you make an assignment a... Use it with utmost care that one, but the downside is still there this should give you an message...

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