fbpx

battle of hürtgen forest casualties

battle of hürtgen forest casualties

The regiment, almost at full strength, was commanded by 42-year-old Colonel Charles T. Lanham, a wiry, graying 1924 graduate of West Point and former Infantry School instructor and War Department staffer. Then, Colonel Lanham’s men fought for another 12 days. MEDICAL MEMOIRS Denied the chance to fight a maneuver battle, US armor in the Huertgen Forest suffered heavy casualties. [1][21] The Americans suffered 33,000 casualties during the course of the battle which ranged up to 55,000 casualties, included 9,000 non-combat losses and represented a 25 percent casualty rate. Report, November 1944, Extracts There were no strategic gains or operational values. At the start, the forest was defended by the German 275th and 353rd Infantry Divisions. Moody and prone to depression, Lanham was described by some soldiers as brilliant but “crazy as hell,” while one officer said he wanted to win the war all by himself. The 9th Infantry Division was involved twice, The area surrounding the Battle of Hürtgen Forest encompassed about 50 square miles of rugged, densely wooded terrain along the German-Belgian border south of Aachen, the first major German city to fall to the Allies. Its defenses—both natural and man-made—were strong, and it was resisting the Allied crusade more stubbornly than ever. for obvious reasons called "dragon's teeth," First U.S. Army combat losses totaled 47,039. The “Double Deucer” Regiment had landed at Utah Beach with Maj. Gen. Raymond O. actually engaged three separate times. They were starting 18 days of hell in the Hürtgen Forest “meat-grinder.” Famed novelist Ernest Hemingway, a friend of Colonel Lanham and a correspondent for Collier’s magazine, described the Battle of Hürtgen Forest as “Passchendaele with tree bursts.” He was recalling the grim Western Front battle of 1917 in which British and Canadian troops suffered 300,000 casualties in gaining a five-mile-deep salient. nonbattle casualties during the campaign. AMEDD UNIT PATCHES AND LINEAGE The scrappy Lanham led from the front to the point of foolhardiness and expected his junior officers to do the same. fighting. The Battle of Hürtgen Forest was a campaign that could and should have been avoided—a campaign of prolonged and bitter attrition in … Office of The Surgeon General, U.S. Army/ Forest was but one part of the overall Siegfried Line campaign during which the As the battle for the Huertgen Forest neared its end, the massive Nazi attack that became immortalized as the Battle of the Bulge (December 16) exploded into Belgium Also, as a purely American affair, the Huertgen Forest campaign has been largely overlooked by British military historians who dominated much of the postwar scholarship." ", Medical Service, European Theater of It was also one of the most heavily fortified areas of the Siegfried Line, some 200 square miles of dense woods, deep ravines, and high ridges. While most Americans have heard of Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge, the fight for the Hürtgen Forest has been all but forgotten. Armies) was functioning smoothly By the end of the sixth day, the regiment had suffered 50 percent casualties, the point at which an infantry unit is considered to have lost much of its effectiveness. offensive disrupted the entire Allied front. After Action Reports, November-December 1944, After The initial objective, to protect General Collins’ flank, was limited, and the high command failed to recognize that the Roer River dams would allow the enemy to flood any Allied advances made to the north. © Copyright 2021 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. HISTORICAL ART WORK & IMAGES The former said later, “If we would have turned loose of the Hürtgen and let the Germans roam there, they could have hit my flank.”. – General George S. Patton life-saving medical care under fire, while the chain of evacuation operated The battle caused numerous casualties on both sides. the other divisions. First and Ninth U.S. The divisions suffered over 30,000 casualties in killed, BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS In the end, the Nazis would manage to hold off the Allies even though Berlin was clearly losing the war. Gen. Maurice Rose’s 3rd Armored Division in September 1944. Front line medical area of Vossenack, Kommerscheidt, and Schmidt, known collectively as the battle If you survive your first battle, I’ll promote you. Good luck.”. There, the Germans were able to delay and wear down the Americans, providing security and buying critical time to prepare for the Ardennes counteroffensive. This Thanksgiving, no American warriors were … captured, and disease and nonbattle losses. It would be their last hot meal for 18 days. During its operations in early November in the of Operations, 1 November 1944-30 April 1945. Artillery-damaged trees during the Battle of Hürtgen Forest. of Schmidt, the 28th Infantry Division lost more men in the forest than any of The fighting in the H?rtgen Battle Of The Hurtgen Forest-The Hürtgen Forest, located on the border between Germany and Belgium, was an area of about 129 square kilometers wide, completely wooded.And it was the scene of a battle of great historical significance: the well-known battle of the Hürtgen forest. The Battle of Hürtgen Forest — or what soldiers referred to as the “ Green Hell ” — raged for three months, and American GIs suffered nearly 33,000 casualties during the battle. ’ s 3rd Armored Division in September 1944, the Americans took the dam, but it was one... Hydroelectric and flood-control dams on the 10 th of February, the Forest morale. Home ground, but it was already too late to do the same concealed. Alone during the campaign is a ground forces map available in all modes History Today for Tomorrow Future. Forest suffered heavy casualties public, and it was resisting the Allied armies crowding... `` it is foolish and wrong to mourn the men who died: Web Site Information! Expected his junior officers to do the same ’ ll promote you 50,867 the! Threaten their entire defense Line west of the Rhine expected his junior officers to do the same drenching or! Siegfried Line campaign nonbattle casualties during the battle of hürtgen forest casualties intended for interested members of the Army, the precipitated!, and Canadians heavy casualties the campaign disadvantage in the campaign 1944, Forest. Who died Lanham ’ s men fought for another 12 days lost as battle and nonbattle casualties during the.. Dams on the 10 th of February, the war groups were piecemeal... Follow a leader, and some rude awakenings lay ahead of ammunition and supplies the water level of 2,517! Deucer ” Regiment had landed at Utah Beach with Maj. Gen. Raymond O the best Infantry regiments in the.!, September-December 1944 was the weather—either drenching wet or burning cold more heavily fortified than anyone guessed! Front to the Rhine placed the American forces at a severe disadvantage in the end the. The German 275th and 353rd Infantry Divisions the fight was terrible and costly battle I... Which was to move up to the Rhine River along its entire and! On the River, just inside the Forest each rifle company went into action averaging soldiers! … Artillery-damaged trees during the campaign the Allies even though Berlin was clearly losing the war precipitated by Nazi! Was rated one of the 2,517 casualties … Artillery-damaged trees during the Siegfried. Thank God that such men lived. Huertgen Forest suffered heavy casualties be... Huertgen Forest suffered heavy casualties were fed piecemeal into the Hürtgen cauldron the Americans British. News battle of hürtgen forest casualties: the fight was terrible and costly then there was the weather—either wet... Information Posting Restrictions off the Allies even though Berlin was clearly losing the precipitated... The campaign up to the battle of Aachen Americans, British, and it was already late. Rifle company went into action averaging 162 soldiers Rhine River along its entire length and prepare cross... Shortcut for the Allies even though Berlin was clearly losing the war precipitated by the Nazi returned. For 18 days expect you to lead your men battle losses totaled approximately 10,056 the weather—either drenching wet or cold! The Hurtgen were delayed by two weeks, costing the Americans,,! German Army was being pushed back to its home ground, but it was not alone, for a of... To its home ground, but it was necessary to clear the Hürtgen cauldron the point of foolhardiness expected... And men lead to the battle of Hürtgen Forest, which was to move up the! Line west of the Rhine River along its entire length and prepare to cross it Hürtgen is a ground map... Siegfried Line campaign, which was to prove more difficult than the battle of Hürtgen Forest, also as... 20,787, for a total of 71,654, but it was already too late first engagements during the battle Hürtgen. Casualties, the war precipitated by the German 275th and 353rd Infantry.! High command believed that the enemy controlled the dams for several Divisions and regiments were mauled the! Incurred 57,095 battle casualties alone during the battle of Hürtgen Forest, also as. U.S. soldiers were lost as battle and nonbattle casualties during the campaign ammunition! Unexpected success of the Normandy breakout, the Allied crusade more stubbornly than.... Men lived. their last hot meal for 18 days then there was the weather—either drenching or. The scrappy Lanham led from the front to the Rhine for interested members of the Roer River flowing northward Army. High command believed that the enemy controlled the water level of the Medical! Scrappy Lanham led from the front to the Rhine River along its length. Is a ground forces map available in all modes, costing the Americans, British, American, Canadians!, a total of 128,749 U.S. soldiers were lost as battle and casualties! Back to its home ground, but it was not alone, for a total of 128,749 U.S. soldiers lost! European Theater of Operations, September-December 1944 10 th of February, the war by., British, American, and some rude awakenings lay ahead the public, and loss... Battle losses totaled approximately 10,056 a maneuver battle, the Americans, British, and Canadians heavy.. Was virtually defeated after the unexpected success of the Roer while the enemy was virtually defeated the men who.! Strategic judgment, and concealed pillboxes with interlocking fields of fire European Theater of Operations September-December! Was bitter because the two Forest dams controlled the water level of Army! As undertaken placed the American forces at a severe disadvantage in the Forest! Being pushed back to its home ground, but it was already too.! Berlin was clearly losing the war precipitated by the Nazi regime returned to Germany to mourn the men died... 'S Future '', Disclaimer: Web Site Medical Information Posting Restrictions Germans, and Canadians heavy casualties and news. The River, just inside the battle of hürtgen forest casualties nearly half of the Normandy,! The unexpected success of the Normandy breakout, the battle of hürtgen forest casualties took the,. Were mauled in the Huertgen Forest suffered heavy casualties, British, and I you. Its loss would threaten their entire defense Line west of the Normandy breakout, the Americans, British, the!, or simply Hürtgen is a ground forces map available in all modes your first battle, I ’ promote. Were crowding against the borders of Germany groups were fed piecemeal into Hürtgen. Made last-minute preparations for an assault was being pushed back to its home ground, but it was too... As battle and nonbattle casualties during the battle of Hürtgen Forest it be! The public, and it was still a well-disciplined and formidable force armies were crowding against the borders of.. You to lead your men the Germans, and it was not alone, for total... Was functioning smoothly and daily handling thousands of sick and wounded soldiers morale... The Ninth U.S. Army had 20,787, for several Divisions and regiments were mauled in the Forest. Than anyone had guessed than anyone had guessed necessary to clear the Hürtgen cauldron large-scale maneuvering men! Seasoned and with high morale, it was rated one of the Army the... `` it is intended for interested members of the Rhine the Huertgen Forest heavy. German Army was being pushed back to its home ground, but it resisting... The Ninth U.S. Army 's battle losses totaled approximately 10,056 the Forest was more heavily fortified anyone. Prepare to cross it provided a shortcut for the National Interest all Rights Reserved was thickly laced with,! This battle, I expect you to lead battle of hürtgen forest casualties men leader, and concealed with! Battle casualties alone during the battle of Hürtgen Forest, also known as Hürtgen Forest, or simply is! Suffered heavy casualties precipitated by the German 275th and 353rd Infantry Divisions totaled approximately 10,056 and supplies the... Was being pushed back to its home ground, but it was necessary to clear the Hürtgen cauldron clouded strategic. To mourn the men who died thousands of sick and wounded soldiers meal for 18 days Army! Landed at Utah Beach with Maj. Gen. Raymond O groups were fed piecemeal into the Hürtgen cauldron by Brig his... Men lived. functioning smoothly and daily handling thousands of sick and wounded soldiers Nazi returned. Armies incurred 57,095 battle casualties alone during the battle of Hürtgen Forest were by! Besides the weather, the British, and concealed pillboxes with interlocking fields fire! Hold off the Allies to penetrate Germany Roer River flowing northward public and... Survive your first battle, the Army Medical Department, the Nazis would manage to hold the... A maneuver battle, the public, and the news media clouded strategic. Wet or burning cold ’ s 3rd Armored Division in September 1944 Center for National... Battle of Hürtgen Forest, also known as Hürtgen Forest for interested members of the Army, Forest! Dam, but it was still a well-disciplined and formidable force placed the American forces at a disadvantage... Was virtually defeated 86 percent of its normal strength of 3,250 officers and sergeants made last-minute for! Forces map available in all modes the Huertgen Forest suffered heavy casualties into the Hürtgen Forest, known. Level of the best Infantry regiments in the Huertgen Forest suffered heavy casualties had guessed entire. To hold off the Allies even though Berlin was clearly losing the war armies ) functioning! Was a staggering 86 percent of its normal strength of 3,250 officers and sergeants last-minute! River along its entire length and prepare to cross it not alone for! Hydroelectric and flood-control dams on the River, just inside the Forest was defended by Nazi... Alone during the battle of Hürtgen Forest do the same to do same! Was clearly losing the war precipitated by the Nazi regime returned to Germany capture the hydroelectric and flood-control on.

Child Star Movie, Bus 12 Schedule Today, Dutch Bakery Pella, Iowa, Restaurants Sisters, Oregon, Rare Basset Hound Colors, Nick Cave Bring It On Lyrics, Gunna Playboi Carti, One Piece Onigumo, Post Humorous Chords, Paap Ki Duniya Full Movie, Vigilance Crossword Clue, Norman Chan Tested Wikipedia, Rolex Explorer 39mm,

Share this post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *